COVID-19 Update

Our COVID-19 Update is here temporarily only to help you to make your OWN decision about distancing, protecting yourself & traveling - especially to Tombstone. We're providing you with helpful information. Covid-19 updating is something on everyone's mind right now.

Some wonder what's happening in Tombstone, Cochise County and Arizona. We'll give you info on that, and some possibilities related to that. Any New Governor Exec Orders?

CDC Corona Virus update - COVID-19

We also have this information here - because We Would Like People to Know the Facts. We Would Like This Situation to Improve. We are tired of staying home!

We would Like People to Have An Understanding of the Science. Ensure Stopping COVID Spread. Or it will Go On & On & On Interminably. As I said here since March - I taught Microbiology & I predicted that unless people everywhere cooperated with following social distancing, & all following guidelines this will go on a long, long time. And it is. Sadly. Causing More & More Illness & Death.

Yes - We are Tired of It, Too. But if People are Impatient in Cooperating With What Needs to be Done, That's What Makes it Drag On & On.

That's What Makes it Financially Untenable for Everyone. Just look at the examples in other countries. That could've been us, too.

Please, please, consider what we say here. Thank You.


Tombstone AZ Assistance

One unusual fact with COVID-19 is a person who's infected with the virus, but doesn't yet have symptoms, can give it to others through their breath. That's why distancing is effective. That's why Wearing A Mask Is Effective. As much as it's painful for families financially, and for towns like Tombstone. But in the end protecting your health and your family and others is the most important action. And to get this under control - even gone, so life could finally get back to normal. Here is helpful information to make your own judgment on how to handle this situation.

Ourselves, having worked in the Medical Field, as licensed professionals (Respiratory Care Practitioners - Respiratory Therapists - who manage those ventilators/life support machines) before retiring - we know what we've chosen to do. We have researched this pandemic information with a view to sticking with the science, and presenting it objectively. Of course, you'll make your own decision.

But it is troubling that almost everyone interviewed for a recent Cochise County newspaper felt wearing a mask was a "personal choice" because they have Libertarian-like ideas. And refused wearing one. That's unfortunate, as it shows a lack of understanding of how respiratory virus spreads. I have Personal Experience with that. But here's how this even more troubling virus spreads:

  • Spreading by inhalation within approx. 3+ feet when the virus stays in the air for up to three hours. 
  • And it can get into respiratory systems through the nose, mouth or even eyes when attaching to facial skin. 
  • A person can have it without symptoms & spread it to others - in other words, they're "silent carriers." 
  • How long they can be such a carrier still seems undetermined - as are many other things about this virus.
  • All it takes is for one to have it in this stealth manner to begin to an outbreak - especially in a crowd.
  • And not only old people die from it - but still: plenty of "old" people are also loved relatives, people that are cared about, who have a good, valuable life, & who may have it carried to them in a stealth manner by a younger person.
  • Here's More Detail> on why wearing masks applies to Libertarian Views, if you need that.

Tombstone City Information

We update this page regularly trying to keep up with it all. If you have any particular questions, concerns or don't understand something, please reach out to us. We'll try to help. Please Contact Us to inform us, and we'll see what we can do.

Cochise County were steadily climbing, and Tombstone has some Cases of COVID-19. The curve is leveling a bit. Some local bars were shut down because Guideline recommendations were not being followed. Recently they are now opening again. Hopefully they'll be following appropriate guidelines as detailed below.

For Events Rescheduling (continuously being rechecked & reworked) - Plus any updates on Events you can check either of two areas:

  1. Our Events Page>
  2. Our Tombstone Facebook Page>
Tombstone City Park with the GazeboThe Gazebo in the Tombstone Arizona City Park

BE  SURE  YOU  HAVE  YOUR  OWN  HAND  SANITIZER!

The Rest Rooms in Town Are Not Necessarily Kept Clean, as the Town Has Been Stating.


Arizona Governor's Latest

The Governor noted in updating his Executive Orders the following:

  • The Governor now has a page with links to specific Business Advisories and Requirements.
  • As rules a being relaxed in Cochise County, and in Tombstone - it's advisable to know what the requirement are for the business you plan to visit:
  • GOVERNOR'S REOPENING GUIDANCE>
  • Thus "pursuant to A.R.S. 36-787(A)" the governor has responsibilities to act in this Health Crisis, "by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of the State... after consultation with the Director of ADHS..."
  • Within Arizona, a county, city or town is allowed to adopt its own policies about requiring face masks in public places. Legally enforceable, but in doing so must first work on best practices via education, and first allowing the person to comply.
  • Pima County has a mask in public requirement, Cochise County does not. However, specific towns in Cochise County may have mask requirements, and of course specific businesses definitely do.

ON JULY 23, 2020 an executive order was issued, EO-2020-52, continuing his previous order, following case curve trends (Click on the current statistics for Arizona, then you can view the curve and See The Details>).

It acknowledges that the prior order(s) not affected by subsequent changes are still in effect. That includes requirements he issued for businesses with the last order: for Bar/Restaurants> that are still applicable coordinating with the following order.

  • This Order is in place until Further Notice, and will be under review for repeal or revision at least every two weeks.
  • You can view EO-2020-52 at the Governor's website, which continues EO-2020-43>

Here is where you can access the Governor's Executive Orders> which you can follow to see if/ when/ how extended.


Making YOUR Covid-19 Decision

We're not telling you what to do. However we do advise Socially Distancing. We hope you're wearing a mask when out in public. We believe you should avoid crowds & gathering in large groups.

We are personally mostly staying home for now. Sure, we'll make some occasional short trips to avoid cabin fever. We do love to travel. But we'll stay in cabins, or motels where they consider the virus for guest check-in. Where you can pull up to the door & enter. We'll get outside & walk some wilderness area trails. Go to lake-side areas.

If you read on, you'll see why we're doing that.

Here are essential facts to immediately know about COVID-19:

  • This virus spreads by tiny droplets (even microscopic) through the air when people cough, sneeze, even talk
  1. If you're within 6 feet, you can inhale the droplet - droplets can hang around in the air up to 3 hours
  2. If the droplet hits a surface, you touch that surface, then touch your face, the virus can migrate internally through you (via mouth, nose, getting into/rubbing your eyes)
  • You can be exposed in a stealth manner because people may have it, don't yet have symptoms, but ARE contagious. So they can pass it on to you.
  1. If infected, it commonly takes from 2 to 14 days to become ill
  2. Meanwhile that infected person can pass it to others!
  • It's my belief when you read all of this page, unless everyone follows all the advice uniformly - it will be a long time before this problem will cease
  1. And it hasn't been, and still isn't happening - so, it is not over in the U.S.
  2. Most of Europe, New Zealand & Australia has kept a lid on the situation, because they handled things nationally, uniformly, with cooperation from their citizens - they are having success overall. And they immediately suppress new outbreaks.
  • Social Distancing is effective for keeping you safe from getting the virus, since you won't be exposed. Wearing a mask is also effective. Studies have confirmed this. 
  • COVID-19 is more contagious than the regular flu, passing on more easily
  • Every age group is getting this virus, even children & teens - young people are dying from it, too, they're not immune
  • Antibiotics are NOT useful against virus infections - in fact, using them improperly can be detrimental, for when you really need them in your future
  • Treatments are few. One antiviral has proven helpful. It doesn't cure you, it shortens the process. It's a similar category to other antivirals available for colds & flu you buy at pharmacies. But don't mistake it for being the same! They won't treat COVID-19. Also good with a corticosteroid, but again - not for everyone, and not a cure. Just improvement in their case.
  • Drugs & vaccines are being tested in clinical trials, under supervision for specific (key word) patients. But trying to source a type of drug you think will help, on your own, should not be done.
  • There is no preventative treatment either. Videos etc. promoting such things put people in danger. By following this advice & perhaps feeling protected, people won't be protected. But will be endanged & put others in danger, as well!
  • Some people have even further increased risk of bad outcomes (like dying and/or long illness & going on life support [ventilator])
  1. Older people, those who are overweight, & those with pre-existing health conditions or chronic health problems

Read on for more details on making decisions, gathering information, related details, and understanding the situation.

Wear A Mask

Why is it that for years & years, hospital & medical personnel have worn masks during procedures. And that's not only N-95 masks, but also surgical masks.

Surgical masks are the same type of masks that people are now purchasing for this pandemic. Why would health care workers have done that, if they didn't work? If they didn't have some effect? If they were useless? They're not useless. They need to be worn for specific reasons, in specific circumstances.

Studies show they provide protection. Now a recent study has tested 3 different two-layer cotton, pleated-style masks. Finding out which ones is important for making on decision on what to buy. To analyze it, researchers set up a box, a laser, a lens & a cellphone camera to test the masks. They found, in order of best to not as good: 1) Fitted N95 (you don't want an exhalation valve), 2) three-layer surgical mask, 3) Cotton-polypropylene-cotton mask, 4) two-layer polypropylene mask, 5) two-layer cotton, pleated style mask. See The Study>

Very Important - Least Effective - or even detrimental were: Gaiter-type neck fleeceDouble-layer bandana & Knitted mask. Neck fleeces actually broke droplets into smaller droplets - which allow them to escape the material, spew out & stay in the air longer. If the droplet hold virus, then that increases possible contagion spread. [Source: Duke University]

Surgical Masks

And remember, they need to be worn properly - over the mouth & nose - the orifices through which you breathe! There is also a wire through the top section which needs to be crimped along the bridge of the nose, to ensure a more tight fit.

They should be removed properly, without touching your face. Ideally only worn once (disposable types - we still know of PPE in short supply! So it's inevitable that people have to wear them multiple times), and then wash your hands. It's even better to wear a face shield or glasses with the mask (that doesn't replace a mask). But if you're not in close contact with others for a length of time, that's not as worrisome.

Mask Effectiveness Study

Studies are showing masks are helping. Let's just see one simple study out of Kansas done recently.

Their Governor issued a statewide mask mandate starting in July. But individual counties were allowed to opt out. 15 counties followed through with mandated masks, 90 counties opted out.  Kansas Dept of Health & Environment Secretary Lee Norman saw that the 90 counties provided a natural Control Group. So he began following the stats. The counties with a mask mandate have 66% of the state's population, with the largest cities. Also note those 90 counties have the more rural populations, only 33% of the state. The difference set in after about a 12-day lag, also demonstrating Covid's infection timing. See for yourself the effectiveness of mask wearing:

How Respiratory Diseases Spread
My experience With a Respiratory Illness

I have a personal story about getting a dangerous Respiratory Disease. When I graduated Respiratory School, & got my first job I worked "per diem." Or PRN: As needed. They put you on the schedule filling in spots. Any new grad is glad to get such a position to get their foot in the door! My first assignments were on the Respiratory Illness floor. I had a few shifts a week.

One day I didn't feel good at all. In fact by nightfall I had a fever. I felt like I was coming down with the flu, achy. The next day I felt about the same, but after Bill left for work (he was on night shift) I really started feeling bad.

I had respiratory symptoms. Don't want to go into big detail here on that. But it was obvious something was affecting my lungs. Plus I just about felt like I so sick, sicker than I'd ever been. I'm not hypochondriacy at all. But I felt so bad I dragged myself to the med cabinet & found a thermometer. Took my temperature & it was 104.6! Could I believe that? That's why I still remember it. I checked it a second time. If my eyes weren't being affected by what was wrong with me - that's what it sure looked like. (It wasn't a digital one back then.)

Alarmed, I tried calling Bill at work. Wondering if I was dying! But I don't know if it was that place he worked or me, but I couldn't get hold of him. I gave up & just lie on our couch. I fell asleep again & woke up in a sweat. I think my fever broke. My PJs were soaked. The morning, he came home, I told him about the night. I still had a fever, but it was down: 102 range.

By the time I was scheduled to work again, about 5 days later, I was better & went in. Then about 2 more shifts there was a memo with a list of names. RTs who treated a respiratory floor patient with confirmed tuberculosis. Had been in a double patient room, non isolation. Everyone listed needed testing. I had to be tested: the ppd test for TB (remember - Doc Holliday's consumption). I recognized that patient's name (still remember it today!), remembered the treatment that was given by me before I got sick.

After testing, came to the Occupational Health nurse for checking. She nearly freaked! Whoa, you're so positive! Getting you to the County Health Dept. So I had to go there, get a chest X-ray. It turned out negative (thank goodness!). I believe my immune system overcame it, why I was sooo sick fighting it. When I think of those respiratory symptoms I had, that also shows me that.

But as a precaution, the County put me on a few months worth of Anti-TB drugs. I also had to get blood tests to track liver enzymes because those drugs can cause some damage.

So TB is a respiratory illness. It's different from COVID, because it's a bacteria: M. tuberculosis bacilli. Bacteria are larger size than viruses. They're not as easy to inhale deep to the lung as a virus.

I was at the bedside of a TB infected person who wasn't yet diagnosed. After diagnosis, that person was in a negative pressure respiratory isolation room, where everyone who went in the room wore an N-95 mask.

Too late for me, though. But I wasn't aware at the time. That's why I'm trying to get people to be aware of how respiratory disease can spread. Why wearing a mask to prevent spread isn't a personal choice, it's smart prevention for the spread of a respiratory disease. Why social distancing is important.

Now I have possible repercussions for these, my later years. According to the Merc Manual, "Healthy people who are infected with tuberculosis have about a 5 to 10% lifetime risk of developing active disease" - in other words, it can return, as a reactivation because the bacteria may be still present in my lungs, hiding, encapsulated. Who knows what untoward effects the aftermath of COVID will present. They're only just starting to discover some.


"Snake Oil" Treatments Were Around in Historic Tombstone, Too!

An advertisement for a Cold Cure in the Tombstone Epitaph on Sunday, May 20, 1906From the Tombstone Epitaph - Sunday, May 20, 1906 - Front Page

Our careers were as Respiratory Therapists - Licensed Health Care Practitioners - and we've observed over the years how disease can spread, and its aftermath. While working, we've seen some weird ailments that were never able to be diagnosed!

I taught microbiology for about ten years. I studied this subject. I had students go through a scenario on how a disease such as this can spread in a multiplying way: 2 to 4 to 8 to 16 to 32 to 64 to 128, etc. That's an example of 1 person spreading it to 1 other. They're finding one COVID-19 infected person (before getting sick) is exposing about 2 or 3 others. So that spread is more like 1 to 3 to 9 to 27 to 81 to 243 to 729, etc. (Lately it seems it's sometimes even spreading from 1 up to 4 or 6 or more!)


Libertarians - Masks a Personal Choice?

Now, we're not Libertarians, though we agree with some of those principles. But consider these points quoted from someone who was a physician, and left that field to become an entrepreneur. He holds Libertarian principles:

  • The position overall seems to be "I'm an American so I'm free to choose." & "I would rather die from coronavirus than live the rest of my life in fear and wearing a damn mask." Fair enough. As a libertarian, I get that. The problem is, though, is that it's not ONLY about him... or you... or me. During a pandemic it's about ALL of us.
  • Let's start with the only 3 hard facts that matter in this debate....they are also common sense.
  1. Many people with COVID-19 don't know they have it. If they do they can pass it on to others
  2. If you wear a mask, the physical barrier reduces your chances of passing the virus to someone else. It stops your "spray."
  3. If you have it there is no perfect way to isolate you from passing it on to someone else, especially when you come home.
  • It's worth mentioning, too...
  1. You are also less likely to get COVID-19 if you wear a mask. The tighter the fit and the better the barrier, the better YOUR protection against the outside.
  2. The higher percent of people who wear a mask in crowded situations, the benefit goes up.... it stands to reason.

But lets... focus on libertarianism and fundamental freedoms. The basic tenet of libertarianism is... "I am free to do what I want to do, as long as I don't impinge on the next person's right to do the same." The 2nd part is important, otherwise you have anarchy. So...

  • We can drink alcohol, but we can't drive drunk. That's because you MIGHT kill other people, not just yourself. If it was just you, so be it. But it's not.
  • We all have freedom of speech. But we can't falsely cry "FIRE" in a crowded theater. THAT endangers others.
  • Americans have the right to bear arms, but not kill others by firing them (except in cases such as self defense).

Wearing a mask during a pandemic is all about exercising one's freedom "responsibly." The science on this is clear. Wear a mask to cut down the rate of viral spread. It's also simple common sense. THIS VIRUS KILLS. So if you cut down the rate of spread, you'll cut down deaths.... ICUs will not be overwhelmed.

BOTTOM LINE? NOT wearing a mask is indeed exercising some sort of freedom. But you do so IRresponsibly. It's up to us to self-manage and work TOGETHER. Surely we can start to benefit from what we've learned and finally get it right? If we do we can wrestle the virus under control within a month. If not, the deaths will soar. The economy will absolutely tank, far beyond what we imagine. The old will be dead. The young will be poor, millions desperately so. Wear a mask - for ALL our sakes.

- quoted from Ken Evoy of SBI


Wearing gloves is helpful in some circumstances, when done the proper way. The virus will not soak into your body through your skin. It isn't a contact virus in that manner. It's just important to not allow it to migrate to an area where it can get into your respiratory system. Watch this film from a nurse on effective glove wearing:

So you can see the importance of washing your hands. It's the most important! This was something we in healthcare education (and in the work-force) always emphasized. You've heard: 20 seconds. Sing Happy Birthday, or Row Your Boat (whatever one you want/know) TWICE.

Want to know why a little plain ole soap & water wash is effective? Watch:

Facts are that social distancing IS effective in stopping the spread of this virus. And the earlier the better. It's not good when social distancing isn't uniformly followed. When one state, county, or town does the right thing for prevention, and another does not - then it can spread across those imaginary lines more easily. When it's delayed, then the virus has more & more time to spread, especially in that stealth manner. You don't know who is infected, who is infecting you. But when it isn't possible - what's essential is to wear a mask. When out in public wear a mask.

The truth is we're seeing people who've insisted on not wearing masks - and now it's too late for them. They've already contracted COVID-19. Some are now sick. Others are just outed. Some have passed away! The sad thing is - they've infected others, too! Innocent people. Their victims.

COVID-19 spreads mostly by drops in the air and somewhat by contact on surfaces. Which is why masks especially are so important. And health care workers absolutely need them, as well as all the other PPE for their essential work - since they're constantly exposed.

According to the National Institute for Health Studies, COVID-19 virus can live up to 3 hours in air droplets:

  1. Tiny, microscopic droplets can float around in the air for up to this long. You may breath them in & they stick onto your lung cells. Breathing medication (like inhalers people take for asthma) is based on this principle!

Another contributing and frustrating fact is lack of PPE - Personal Protective Equipment. Still a continuing problem in many areas!

Remember that if you think you may have COVID-19 - consult & stay in touch with your doctor by phone first, then only go into the hospital when/if they advise it's needed to do so. You'll just stay home in isolation because there isn't anything special the hospital can do for people with COVID-19. "Treatments" for it are supportive for your symptoms. Only if you become very serious, which your doctor will monitor while you're at home, will you need to go into the hospital. You're better off at home, really!

Don't take it upon yourself to search the internet for unproven "treatments." Not a good idea, and most likely dangerous. There is undocumented information spreading the internet. If it's true - then validate and prove your sources! If you're looking at it - then look for documentation! Don't believe just anything you're reading on the internet. Use critical thinking - authentically research it.

There's a lot of misinformation circulating around, even daily. See W-H-O Myth-Busting>

If you need to go out in public, of course it's wise to keep a minimum 6 foot distance from others. Add a Face-mask around your nose & mouth - surgical-type face masks that are available to the public. Keep reusable ones clean & dry. Disposable ones can be reused if kept in a plastic bag & worn for a very short time. Otherwise, dispose of it & wear a new one the next outing. 

How tragic that by mid-May 2020 the U.S. death total from COVID-19 was 87,993. It's still rising. In a little more than four months more people died than just over 11 years in the Vietnam War: those 58,177 who paid that price [ref: US Military Operations: Casualty Breakdown. Retrieved from globalsecurity.org/military/ops/casualties.htm]. My youth was during that horrific war era, and I remember watching those deaths on the news every evening. So these mounting numbers of COVID deaths are quite vivid in comparison. Two horrible tragedies.

Our concern is that people stay safe, keep their families safe, and not spread the virus so that it will be over sooner - rather than continue over a longer and longer time. We'd like to be able to go out and socialize again. But doing so too soon will not help.

Consider this: Someone gives you a bag of 100 M&Ms and tells you 18 of them have something in them that kills you. And there's some pieces split in half, and one of those halves can kill you. Will you chance eating any of those M&Ms?

That's the chance you take when you don't follow Social Distancing & wearing a mask in public places - taking and eating one of those M&Ms. Would you do it??


Home COVID-19 Protective Methods

Try shopping for some items and it's frustrating. I know I just went online to do my online order for pick-up.

There is plenty of disinfectant soap - but you don't even need that. If you watched the film above, you can see regular soap is fine. It's the technique that's important. I looked for hand sanitizer, as when you need to be out, that's important. None available. No sanitizing wipes either.

What to do? Well I found two recipes you may find handy - here they are:


Hand Sanitizer - Make Your Own

Here's a recipe that originates from the University of Nebraska Medical Center. They're at the forefront in decontamination.

  • 2/3 Cup Rubbing Alcohol (70% alcohol)
  • 1/3 Cup Aloe Vera Gel
  • Optional - 8 drops Essential Oil for Fragrance
  1. I believe Eucalyptus is a good choice

Stir together with a small spoon or fork until well blended. Spoon it into a container for storage. Be sure to label it as Hand Sanitizer.


Disinfectant - Homemade Spray/Wipes

This formulation comes from the CDC. Once you make up the solution, you can place it into a spray bottle. Or cut up small sheets of material, place them into a small covered jar (such as a repurposed salsa jar), then pour just enough solution over to dampen all of them. After using them, throw them in with your "whites" laundry.

  • 4 teaspoons household bleach - be sure the expiration date is still good
  • 1 quart water

What you're disinfecting should be clean first. Be sure the surface you're disinfecting is appropriate for a bleach disinfectant. Mix together in a container and label.

But never mix this solution with any other type of household cleaner - a poisonous gas can result! 

When disinfecting, protect your hands with gloves. Use enough solution to wet the surface so it's moist for several minutes. Let dry.


*Please be advised, we do have health care degrees. But still, we are retired. We give all these  suggestions to use at your own risk. We provide these suggestions, but still give caution to take them with a grain of salt, so to speak. And our overall suggestion is to Stay Home as much as possible, wear a mask, maintain social distancing, avoid crowds, and follow CDC guidelines - as they are updated.


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